Can you plug a well?

Well-plugging materials. Sand and gravel, native clay, commercial sodium bentonite and neat cement grout are the most common materials used for plugging wells. Use of one or more of these materials will plug many types of abandoned wells effectively.

Can you cap a well yourself?

There are no state requirements for reporting a capped well. However, if you want to determine whether your well is legally capped, contact your local groundwater conservation district, a licensed water well driller, or the Water Well Drillers Program of the TDLR.

How much does it cost to plug a water well?

The median cost of plugging a well without restoring the surface is about $20,000. Plugging and reclaiming the surface around the well—which may be done for aesthetic, environmental, or job creation reasons—increases the median cost to $76,000. Each additional 1,000 feet of well depth increases costs by 20 percent.

Who regulates water wells in Texas?

the TCEQ
Public wells serve public water supply systems and are regulated by the Public Drinking Water Section of the TCEQ. These public water supply systems must have at least 15 service connections or serve at least 25 individuals at least 60 days out of the year.

What is plugging and abandonment?

1. vb. [Drilling] To prepare a well to be closed permanently, usually after either logs determine there is insufficient hydrocarbon potential to complete the well, or after production operations have drained the reservoir. Different regulatory bodies have their own requirements for plugging operations.

What does a plugged well mean?

Well plugging means the closure of an abandoned well with plugging materials by procedures which will permanently seal the well from contamination by surface drainage and permanently seal off the well from contamination into an aquifer. “Well plugging” involves the proper application of filling and sealing materials.

How do you abandon a well in Texas?

If you plan to do it yourself, you may contact the Well Driller/Pump Installer/Abandoned Well Program of the TDLR for advice. Also request that the TDLR send you a state well plugging form. If the well is within a GCD, notify the district of your intention to plug the well.

How long does it take to plug a well?

A well is plugged by setting mechanical or cement plugs in the wellbore at specific intervals to prevent fluid flow. The plugging process usually requires a workover rig and cement pumped into the wellbore. The plugging process can take two days to a week, depending on the number of plugs to be set in the well.

Who owns the groundwater in Texas?

Generally, Texas groundwater belongs to the landowner. Groundwater is governed by the rule of capture, which grants landowners the right to capture the water beneath their property.

Where can I find the rules for plugging a well in Texas?

Texas Administrative Code, Title 16, Section 76.104 7 at TDLR’s website. You can also obtain these rules by contacting the organizations listed in “Well Plugging Information,” later in this document. If the well is located within a

How are abandoned wells regulated in Texas?

Abandoned wells are regulated by TDLR and local GCDs through the Texas Occupations Code, sections 1901.255 and 1901.256 1. Well Plugging Information, starting on page 22 provides phone numbers and websites where you can find additional information. What Are the Hazards Associated with Abandoned Wells? Personal Safety

What is a Texas water well driller’s report?

Since 1965, water well drillers have been required to submit reports to the State of Texas. The water well driller’s report includes details on your well’s construction and the local geology. If you don’t already have this report, you may be able to obtain it from one of the following:

Who can legally plug an abandoned water well?

The three people who can legally plug an abandoned water well are the landowner, a licensed water well driller, or a pump installer. As the landowner, you may do the work necessary to plug an abandoned water well on your property.