How big is the fishing industry in South Africa?

In South Africa, the fisheries sector is worth around R6 billion per annum and directly employs some 27 000 people in the commercial sector. Thousands more and their families depend on these resources for food and the basic needs of life.

What is the role of fisheries in national economy?

As an agro-based country, the contribution of fisheries to the national economy has always been essential and as the primary source of animal protein, employment opportunities, food security, foreign earnings and socio-economic development (FRSS, 2017).

What are sectors in fisheries?

Fisheries being one of the promising sectors of agriculture and allied activities in India, a growth target rate of 6 per cent was fixed by the Union Government so as to achieve the overall growth rate of 4.1 per cent for Agriculture during the 11th Five year Plan.

What are the three main sub sectors in the fishing industry?

The fishing operations concern three sub sectors: industrial, semi industrial and artisanal sectors.

Why is fishing important to South Africa?

Fisheries play a critical role in providing direct and indirect livelihoods for over 140 000 people in South Africa. Fish protein is also a critical protein source for many of the traditional fishing communities along the South African coastline, many of whom are considered food insecure.

How is the fishing industry controlled?

For example, in the United States, fisheries are regulated by the Magnuson-Stevens Act and managed either by the National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS), a part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) or by State agencies.

What is the importance of fisheries?

Fishery resources are an important source of proteins, vitamins and micronutrients that are not available in such quantity and diversity either in crops or in other animal products. They represent circa 17% of animal protein consumed by many low-income populations in rural areas (Fernandes et al., 2016).

Why is fishing a primary sector?

Primary industry include all those activities, which are connected with the extraction and production of natural resources and reproduction and development of living organisms, plants etc. Fishing comes under genetic industries which is a further sub division of primary industry.

Is fishery in the primary sector?

The primary sector includes all those activities the end purpose of which consists in exploiting natural resources: agriculture, fishing, forestry, mining, deposits.

Is fishing a primary sector?

What are the strategies used to manage fisheries in South Africa?

South African fisheries are managed according to two strategies: total allowable catch (TAC) and total allowable effort (TAE). In the first approach, an absolute limit is set on the amount of fish that may be removed from the sea in one season.

How much do Commercial Fisheries contribute to South Africa’s GDP?

• The annual revenue from commercial fisheries exports from South Africa was estimated at ZAR3.1 billion in 2008. • Commercial fisheries contribute about 0.5% of South Africa’s GDP. • In the Western Cape the fishing industry contributes 0.2% to the Gross Geographic Profit (GGP).

What is the largest commercial fishery in South Africa?

The purse-seine fishery for small pelagics is the largest commercial fishery in South Africa with an average landing of 380 000 tons per annum from 1950-2005 and over 500 000 tons from 2005 – 2009 (Hutchings 2009). The west coast small pelagic fishery – targeting sardine

How many people work in the fishing industry in South Africa?

In 2008 the commercial fishing industry in South Africa employed approximately 27 000 people directly, while 100 000 people were employed in fishery-related enterprises (DAFF GDP Sector Draft 2010). The South African government currently regards the fishing industry as a sector for employment expansion within the country.

Can We ‘South Africanise’ South Africa’s fisheries?

However, in an attempt to reshape South Africa’s fishing communities, the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) has issued rights in an attempt to “South Africanise” our fisheries.