What are the different conditions of books?

Book Condition Guide

  • Fine/Like New (F) Book may have been read.
  • Near Fine (NF) Clean, with no defects, but may show slight wear at edges of book or dust jacket.
  • Very Good (VG) Shows signs of wear.
  • Good (G) Average used book with all pages present.
  • Fair (FR)
  • Poor (P)

What is considered good condition for a book?

Used – Acceptable: All pages and the cover are intact, but shrink wrap, dust covers, or boxed set case may be missing. Pages may include limited notes, highlighting, or minor water damage but the text is readable. Item may be missing bundled media. Unacceptable: Has missing pages and obscured or unreadable text.

How do you describe an old book condition?

Very Good – can describe a used book that does show some small signs of wear—but no tears—on either binding or paper. Any defects must be noted. Good – describes the average used and worn book that has all pages or leaves present. Any defects must be noted.

How do you describe book damage?

BROKEN = Usually referring to damage to the joints or hinges of a book. Indicates substantial damage when the binding may become loose. BUCKRAM = a coarse weave cloth binding. BUMP(ED) = Usually at the corners or spine ends, where a book has been knocked / dropped.

What is foxing on a book?

Foxing. The term ‘foxing’ describes disfiguring small yellow brown spots or blotches on paper. Two main causes are mould and iron contaminants in the paper. Moulds feed on the paper itself, as well as any dirt or organic material on it, for example, finger marks, food stains and squashed insects.

What is acceptable condition?

Acceptable Condition means, after the occurrence of any Casualty or Condemnation affecting the Property, that the Property has been restored to substantially its condition as it existed immediately prior to the applicable Casualty or Condemnation.

Why do book pages go yellow?

Paper is made out of wood that consists of cellulose and the wood component lignin. Now, lignin and cellulose, both the components are prone to oxidation. And oxidation, in turn, is responsible for the paper to turn yellow and eventually brown.

How do I get rid of book foxing?

Removing the marks of foxing should generally be left to a skilled book conservator or preservationist. Experts may choose one of two approaches to reverse foxing: Using a reducing agent, such as sodium borohydride, on the paper.

How do you describe an item condition?

The item must be unused, unaltered, and in the original, unopened packaging. For clothing, the item must be new with tags. The item is new without tags, unused, in mint condition, free of defects, and shows no signs of wear. The item is gently used, but may have one or a few minor flaws.

What is good used condition?

Good Used Condition Items in excellent condition are gently used, with little signs of wear. Just be sure to include any details that your buyer should take note of before she hits that “Buy” button—examples include any pilling, pulls, or loose stitches.

What does foxing mean in books?