What are the symptoms of Bromism?

Bromism: A disease caused by chronic exposure to bromine or one of its compounds. Bromism is characterized by mental dullness, memory loss, slurred speech, tremors, ataxia and muscular weakness, a transitory state resembling paranoid schizophrenia, and a skin eruption (bromoderma).

What causes bromide toxicity?

Bromine works by directly irritating the skin, mucous membranes, and tissues. The seriousness of poisoning caused by bromine depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the person exposed.

What does bromide do to the body?

Acute Signs & Symptoms Breathing bromine gas can cause cough, trouble breathing, headache, irritation of your mucous membranes (inside your mouth, nose, etc.), dizziness, or watery eyes. Getting bromine liquid or gas on your skin can cause skin irritation and burns.

Can humans take potassium bromide?

Potassium bromide is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in humans to control seizures. In Germany, it is still approved as an antiepileptic drug for humans, particularly children and adolescents.

How is Bromism treated?

Treatment. There are no specific antidotes or protocols for bromide poisoning of the body. Increased intake of regular salt and water, which increases the flow of the related chloride ion through the body, is one way of flushing out the bromide.

Is bromide toxic to humans?

Methyl bromide is highly toxic. Studies in humans indicate that the lung may be severely injured by the acute (short-term) inhalation of methyl bromide. Acute and chronic (long-term) inhalation of methyl bromide can lead to neurological effects in humans.

What foods have bromide in them?

Bromide is most commonly found in the form of methyl bromide, a common pesticide used on strawberries; as brominated vegetable oil which is often added to citrus drinks and asthma inhalers; as a fire retardant in fabrics and mattresses; and as potassium bromate, a dough conditioner found in commercial bakery products …

Is potassium bromide toxic?

Potassium bromide is not acutely toxic and it poses a low toxicity hazard. Its oral toxicity is well known and is very low. A high dose will cause only nausea and vomiting. Similarly, its dermal toxicity is low, and it is not a skin irritant.

Is potassium bromide hazardous?

Exposure may cause coughing, sore throat, shortness of breath and dizziness. It may irritate the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Skin contact may cause redness, pain and burns. Eye contact may cause redness and pain.

Can a dog overdose on potassium bromide?

Overdose. Toxicity to potassium bromide due to chronic overdose presents as profound sedation, muscle pain, central nervous system signs, lack of coordination, stupor, and tremors.