What are the symptoms of heart hole in children?

Symptoms of Atrial Septal Defect (Hole in Babies’ Heart)

  • Heart murmur, a swishing or whooshing sound that can be heard via stethoscope.
  • Frequent respiratory or lung infections.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Tiring when feeding in infants.
  • Shortness of breath when being active or exercising.
  • Swelling of legs, abdomen, or feet.

How do you detect a VSD?


  1. Echocardiogram. In this test, sound waves produce a video image of the heart.
  2. Electrocardiogram (ECG). This test records the electrical activity of the heart through electrodes attached to the skin and helps diagnose heart defects or rhythm problems.
  3. Chest X-ray.
  4. Cardiac catheterization.
  5. Pulse oximetry.

Can small VSD cause symptoms?

Whether a VSD causes any symptoms depends on the size of the hole and its location. Small VSDs usually won’t cause symptoms, and might close on their own.

Can a VSD go undetected?

A minor VSD may go undetected when the hole is too small to cause signs or symptoms. A physical exam is one of the most common ways for a doctor to discover a VSD.

Can VSD close on its own?

A small VSD may close on its own as your child grows. Some small defects don’t close on their own, but they still don’t need treatment. A larger VSD often needs to be fixed with surgery or through cardiac catheterization.

When do VSD symptoms start?

Signs and symptoms of serious heart defects often appear during the first few days, weeks or months of a child’s life. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) symptoms in a baby may include: Poor eating, failure to thrive. Fast breathing or breathlessness.

How early can VSD be detected?

VSDs defects can be diagnosed as early as 12 weeks gestation. This can be dis- covered before birth, but is sometimes not noted until after birth. There may be a murmur (abnormal heart sound) or other abnormality that indicates the problem.

What happens if VSD is not treated?

If left untreated, a large VSD can cause pulmonary hypertension, which can lead to lung disease. Rarely, a VSD can lead to an infection in the heart, called bacterial endocarditis.

When do you hear VSD murmur?

The murmur is commonly discovered at 2-4 weeks of age as the pulmonary vascular resistance drops and the pressure difference between the two ventricles becomes remarkable (Figure).

What does a VSD sound like?

An apical diastolic rumble (due to increased flow through the mitral valve) and findings of heart failure (eg, tachypnea, dyspnea with feeding, failure to thrive, gallop, crackles, hepatomegaly) may be present. In moderate, high-flow VSDs, the murmur is often very loud and accompanied by a thrill (grade 4 or 5 murmur).