What are the three types of pancreatitis?

When it comes to pancreatitis, there are three main types – acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, and hereditary pancreatitis. But what’s the difference between these three types and how are they treated? In this article, we are going to discuss the three basic types of pancreatitis, and how to treat each.

What are the different types of pancreatitis?

There are two forms of pancreatitis:

  • Acute pancreatitis is a sudden and short bout of inflammation.
  • Chronic pancreatitis is ongoing inflammation.

What are the types of chronic inflammation?

What conditions are associated with chronic inflammation?

  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Asthma.
  • Cancer.
  • Heart disease.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
  • Type 2 diabetes.

What is the medical term for inflammation of the pancreas?

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach, close to the first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum. The pancreas has two main functions—to make insulin and to make digestive juices, or enzymes, to help you digest food.

How many types of acute pancreatitis are there?

Acute pancreatitis can be subdivided into two types: interstitial oedematous pancreatitis and necrotising pancreatitis.

What are the two types of chronic pancreatitis?


  • type 1 autoimmune chronic pancreatitis (pancreatic manifestation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease) 3
  • type 2 autoimmune chronic pancreatitis (also referred to as idiopathic duct-centric chronic pancreatitis) 3
  • see also Autoimmune Pancreatitis.

What causes pancreas inflammation?

Pancreatitis is the redness and swelling (inflammation) of the pancreas. It may be sudden (acute) or ongoing (chronic). The most common causes are alcohol abuse and lumps of solid material (gallstones) in the gallbladder. The goal for treatment is to rest the pancreas and let it heal.

What are the types of acute inflammation?

Types of Acute Inflammation

Type Features
Allergic acute inflammation Marked edema and numerous eosinophils; eosinophilia in blood.
Serous inflammation (inflammation in body cavities) Marked fluid exudation.
Catarrhal inflammation (inflammation of mucous membranes) Marked secretion of mucus.

Can pancreatitis be caused by stress?

Summarizing this topic, chronic stress appears as a risk factor to develop pancreatitis by sensitizing the exocrine pancreas through TNF-α, which seems to exert its detrimental effects through different pathways (Figure ​2).

How do you classify the severity of pancreatitis?

Severity of the disease is classified as mild, moderate, and severe by the absence or presence of organ failure and local or systemic complications. Moderately SAP has transient organ failure of < 2 d, while SAP is defined by the presence of persistent organ failure for ≥ 2 d.