What are three risk factors of GERD?

Risk factors

  • Obesity.
  • Bulging of the top of the stomach up into the diaphragm (hiatal hernia)
  • Pregnancy.
  • Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma.
  • Delayed stomach emptying.

What is a risk factor for the development of GERD?

Obesity or being overweight is a risk factor for developing GERD. This may be due to the additional weight causing pressure on the stomach which in turn causes stomach acid and contents to travel back up your esophagus.

Which of the following is a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD in pediatric populations?

Obesity -Obesity has been cited as a major risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux; in studies conducted with adult patients, weight loss has been demonstrated to be one of the lifestyle modifications that can decrease the severity and frequency of reflux.

What causes acid reflux in infants?

How infant reflux occurs. If the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach (lower esophageal sphincter) relaxes when the stomach is full, food might flow up the baby’s esophagus. Infant reflux, when a baby spits up, occurs when food moves back up from a baby’s stomach.

Which client is most likely to be at risk for developing gastroesophageal reflux disease?

GERD affects people of all ages—from infants to older adults. People with asthma are at higher risk of developing GERD. Asthma flare-ups can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, allowing stomach contents to flow back, or reflux, into the esophagus.

Is asthma a risk factor for GERD?

Researchers have discovered that GERD can trigger asthma symptoms. In addition, GERD is more common in people with asthma than in the general population. Individuals whose asthma is especially hard to treat appear to be more prone to GERD than other affected persons.

What is pediatric GERD?

What is GERD in children? GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a long-term (chronic) digestive disorder. It happens when stomach contents flow back up (reflux) into the food pipe (esophagus) and cause symptoms or problems. GERD is a more serious and long-lasting form of gastroesophageal reflux (GER).

Can breast milk cause acid reflux in babies?

Although it is sometimes suggested that breastfeeding mothers change to formula, this may well worsen symptoms. While both breastfed and formula fed babies can experience reflux, research has shown that formula fed infants have episodes of reflux more often than breastfed babies and they last longer.

Can mother’s diet cause reflux in baby?

Excessive caffeine in mom’s diet can contribute to reflux. Allergy should be suspected in all infant reflux cases. According to a review article in Pediatrics [Salvatore 2002], up to half of all GERD cases in babies under a year are associated with cow’s milk protein allergy.

Is GERD more common with age?

Although a person of any age can develop gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD), it is quite common among older adults. Someone with GERD has stomach acid that backs up into their esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

Is GERD genetic?

Genetic contribution seems to play a major role in GERD and GERD- related disorders development such Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Twin and family studies have revealed an about 31% heritability of the disease.

Can GERD cause lung problems?

Links to lung diseases The two more recognized aspiration diseases associated with GERD are aspiration pneumonitis and aspiration pneumonia. Aspiration pneumonitis occurs when a large amount of regurgitated gastric contents and acids are aspirated into the lungs, causing chemical injury.