What causes Haemophilus meningitis?

H influenzae meningitis is caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria. This illness is not the same as the flu (influenza), which is caused by a virus. Before the Hib vaccine, H influenzae was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children under age 5.

Is Haemophilus influenzae meningitis contagious?

People spread H. influenzae, including Hib, to others through respiratory droplets. People who are infected spread the bacteria by coughing or sneezing, which creates small respiratory droplets that contain the bacteria.

What are the symptoms of Haemophilus?

Haemophilus influenzae can cause many different kinds of infections….Symptoms of bloodstream infection usually include:

  • Fever and chills.
  • Excessive tiredness.
  • Pain in the belly.
  • Nausea with or without vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Anxiety.
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
  • Altered mental status (confusion)

How is Haemophilus meningitis treated?

Meningitis. Administer parenteral antibiotics (eg, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, ampicillin-sulbactam, fluoroquinolones, azithromycin) to patients with meningitis for 7 days. Third-generation cephalosporins (cefotaxime and ceftriaxone) are the initial drugs of choice for suspected Hib meningitis.

How do you get Haemophilus?

How is Hib disease spread? Hib disease may be transmitted through contact with mucus or droplets from the nose and throat of an infected person.

How common is Hib meningitis?

Children in their first year of life have manifested incidence rates of 30-66 cases of Hib meningitis per 100,000 per year. Risk for Hib meningitis declines rapidly after the second birthday and becomes quite low after the fourth.

How serious is Haemophilus influenzae?

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a life-threatening infection that can lead to serious illness, especially in children. Symptoms include severe headache, stiff neck, convulsions or seizures, severe drowsiness, difficulty waking up, loss of consciousness or difficulty with breathing.

Is Hib serious?

Where is Haemophilus found?

Haemophilus influenzae is a bacteria that is found in the nose and throat of children and adults. Some people can carry the bacteria in their bodies but do not become ill.

How common is Hib in adults?

While the rate of invasive H. influenzae infections increased from 1.23 per 100,000 population in 1997 to 2.08 per 100,000 population in 2018 in the surveillance areas, the rate of Hib infections decreased from 0.1 per 100,000 population in 1997 to 0.02 per 100,000 population in 2018.

Which person is at greatest risk for development of an invasive Hib infection?

influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis and other invasive bacterial disease, primarily among children younger than age 5 years; approximately one in 200 children in this age group developed invasive Hib disease.

What problems may be caused by Haemophilus influenzae infection?

Haemophilus influenzae type b causes pneumonia, septicaemia, meningitis, epiglottitis, septic arthritis, cellulitis, otitis media, and purulent pericarditis, as well as less common invasive infections such as endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and peritonitis.