What did Selim III do to reform Ottoman government between 1789 and 1807?

He set up a committee of reformers (1792–93) and promulgated a series of new regulations collectively known as the nizam-ı cedid (“new order”). These included reforms of provincial governorships, taxation, and land tenure.

Which Ottoman sultan carried out Nizam ı Cedid reforms?

Ottoman sultan Selim III
nizam-ı cedid, (Turkish: “new order”), originally a program of westernizing reforms undertaken by the Ottoman sultan Selim III (reigned 1789–1807).

How did Selim III reform the Ottoman Empire?

Selim III profited by the respite to abolish the military tenure of fiefs; he introduced salutary reforms into the administration, especially in the fiscal department, sought by well-considered plans to extend the spread of education, and engaged foreign officers as instructors, by whom a small corps of new troops …

What was Sultan Selim III’s Nizam I jedid?

The Nizam-i Cedid (Ottoman Turkish: نظام جديد, romanized: Niẓām-ı Cedīd, lit. ‘new order’) was a series of reforms carried out by Ottoman Sultan Selim III during the late 18th and the early 19th centuries in a drive to catch up militarily and politically with the Western powers.

How did the Ottomans reform their military?

The most important change was the creation of an elite new infantry unit; the Nizam-i Djedid was set up with western uniforms, weapons, and training. This group would offend the Janissaries.

Why did Mahmud II slaughter the Janissaries?

In Mahmud’s view, the destruction of the Janissaries was necessary to restore stability to the Ottoman throne.

What is the millet system of the Ottoman Empire?

In the Ottoman Empire, a millet (Turkish: [millet]; Arabic: مِلة) was an independent court of law pertaining to “personal law” under which a confessional community (a group abiding by the laws of Muslim Sharia, Christian Canon law, or Jewish Halakha) was allowed to rule itself under its own laws.