What does the palatine tonsil do?

The function of the palatine tonsils is thought to be associated with preventing infection in the respiratory and digestive tracts by producing antibodies that help kill infective agents. Frequently, however, the tonsils themselves become the objects of infection, and surgical removal (tonsillectomy) is required.

What Innervates palatine tonsils?

The innervation of the palatine tonsils is provided by the lesser palatine nerve which arises from the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve and the tonsillar branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

What causes swollen palatine tonsil?

Bacteria and viruses are the main causes of swollen tonsils, but, in rare cases, swollen tonsils could be a symptom of cancer. Tonsil infections will usually go away after a few days, and OTC medications and home remedies can help ease some symptoms.

What are the palatine tonsils known as?

Palatine tonsils, commonly called the tonsils and occasionally called the faucial tonsils, are tonsils located on the left and right sides at the back of the throat, which can often be seen as flesh-colored, pinkish lumps.

What do swollen palatine tonsils interfere with?

Severe, long-term sleep apnea due to enlarged palatine tonsils can affect a child’s physical development and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (heart and blood vessel problems).

How do you check for palatine tonsils?

The tongue blade is placed in the center of the tongue at the junction of the anterior two-thirds and the posterior one-third of the tongue. The tongue is firmly depressed, exposing the pharynx. The examiner should note the presence or absence of the palatine tonsils and their size.

What are the 4 types of tonsils?

Tonsils are fleshy masses of lymphatic tissue found in the throat, or pharynx. There are four different types of tonsils: palatine, pharyngeal (commonly referred to as the adenoid), lingual and tubal. Together these four types of tonsils make up what is called Waldeyer’s ring.

What is Waldeyer’s ring?

A ring of lymphoid tissue found in the throat. The Waldeyer’s ring is made up of the tonsils, adenoids, and other lymphoid tissue. It contains lymphocytes (a type of immune cell) that help the body fight infection and disease.

How do you treat palatine tonsils?

Antibiotics. If tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics. Penicillin taken by mouth for 10 days is the most common antibiotic treatment prescribed for tonsillitis caused by group A streptococcus.

How do you treat swollen palatine tonsils?

Most cases of swollen tonsils that are caused by a virus typically clear up on their own. Your doctor may recommend some over-the-counter (OTC) methods for easing pain, like: throat numbing sprays. lozenges.

Can GERD cause a swollen tonsil?

it could be you have had acid reflux and it has irritated your throat and made your tonsil swell up. Drink plenty of water and stay off acidic foods see if it calms it down.

How do you get rid of palatine tonsils?

A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure during which a surgeon removes the palatine tonsils from the top of a person’s throat. For many years, doctors performed tonsillectomies as a treatment for chronic tonsillitis.

What are the 3 tonsils?

Technically, there are three sets of tonsils in the body: the pharyngeal tonsils, commonly known as adenoids, the palatine tonsils and the lingual tonsils, which are lymphatic tissue on the surface tissue of the base of the tongue, according to Encyclopedia Britannica.

Where are the 5 tonsils located?


Type Epithelium Location
Tubal tonsils Ciliated pseudostratified columnar (respiratory epithelium) Roof of pharynx
Palatine tonsils Non-keratinized stratified squamous Sides of oropharynx between palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches
Lingual tonsils Non-keratinized stratified squamous Behind terminal sulcus (tongue)

What are the 5 tonsils?


  • Palatine tonsils.
  • Lingual tonsils.
  • Tubal tonsils.
  • Pharyngeal tonsils/adenoids.

How Waldeyers ring is formed?

Waldeyer’s ring is a collection of lymphoid tissue or follicles in the upper part of digestive system. This ring is formed by: Superiorly- Pharyngeal tonsils or Adenoids.

What food triggers tonsillitis?

For people with tonsillitis, eating hard or sharp foods can be uncomfortable and even painful. Hard foods may scratch the throat, leading to further irritation and inflammation….Foods to avoid include:

  • chips.
  • crackers.
  • dry cereal.
  • toast.
  • raw carrots.
  • raw apples.

Why are my tonsils swollen but no pain?

Enlarged tonsils can be a sign of infection or irritation from things like smoke or polluted air. Some people just naturally have larger tonsils. In other cases, there’s no known cause. Tonsillar hypertrophy is particularly common in children, though it can also affect adults.

How do I get rid of the lump in my throat from acid reflux?

What can I do to help ease my symptoms?

  1. Drink more water, a minimum of 1.5 litres (3 pints) per day in addition to any tea/coffee/cola.
  2. Avoid drinking more than 4 cups of coffee/tea/cola per day.
  3. Stop any bad habits, such as shouting, raising your voice or throat clearing (swallow instead).

Does Covid feel like acid reflux?

Coronavirus and GERD can have similar symptoms, such as cough and chest pain, but Cooper experts have put together a guide to help you differentiate the two. Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus (the tube connecting your mouth and stomach).