# What is cross tabulations?

Table of Contents

## What is cross tabulations?

Cross tabulations are data tables that display not only the results of the entire group of respondents, but also the results from specifically defined subgroups. For this reason, crosstabs allow researchers to closely investigate the relationships within a data set that might otherwise go unnoticed.

### What is a two way cross-tabulation?

Two-way tables are also known as contingency, cross-tabulation, or crosstab tables. The levels of one categorical variable are entered as the rows in the table and the levels of the other categorical variable are entered as the columns in the table.

**What is cross-tabulation with example?**

Cross tabulation is a statistical tool that is used to analyze categorical data. Categorical data is data or variables that are separated into different categories that are mutually exclusive from one another. An example of categorical data is eye color.

**How do you do a cross-tabulation in Excel?**

Cross tabulation

- Now go to the Data menu, and select Pivot Table and Pivot Chart Wizard.
- Since you’ve already selected the data, your data will already be in the little dialog box for the “data range”.
- Then you’ll be asked where you want to put the data.
- On the same dialog box, click “Layout”.

## How do you read crosstabs results?

Interpret the key results for Cross Tabulation and Chi-Square

- Step 1: Determine whether the association between the variables is statistically significant.
- Step 1: Examine the differences between expected counts and observed counts to determine which variable levels may have the most impact on association.

### Is crosstabs and chi-square the same?

Crosstabulation is a statistical technique used to display a breakdown of the data by these two variables (that is, it is a table that has displays the frequency of different majors broken down by gender). The Pearson chi-square test essentially tells us whether the results of a crosstab are statistically significant.

**How do I do a crosstab analysis in Excel?**

The following step-by-step example explains how to create a crosstab in Excel.

- Step 1: Enter the Data. First, let’s enter the following dataset into Excel:
- Step 2: Create the Crosstab.
- Step 3: Populate the Crosstab with Values.
- Step 4: Interpret the Crosstab.