What is drupe in biology?

drupe, in botany, simple fleshy fruit that usually contains a single seed, such as the cherry, peach, and olive. As a simple fruit, a drupe is derived from a single ovary of an individual flower.

What is the classification of a drupe?

Fleshy fruits are classified into several types: Drupes – A drupe is a fleshy fruit that has one seed surrounded by a bony endocarp, or the inner wall of the pericarp, which is sweet and juicy. Drupe fruit varieties include plums, peaches, and olives— basically all pitted fruit.

What is drupe and pome?

The first is drupe- it is the stone fruit like mango, coconut etc, whose pericarp is differentiated into thin pericarp and stony endocarp. The second is pomes- fleshy fruit which is surrounded by fleshy edible thalamus like apple, pear etc.

What is a tree drupe?

A drupe is a fleshy, indehiscent fruit containing a single seed which is surrounded by a stony endocarp. Many of the showiest fall-fruiting shrubs and small trees bear drupes, including viburnums (Viburnum spp.), beautyberries (Callicarpa spp.), dogwoods (Cornus spp.), and hollies (Ilex spp.).

Where do drupes grow?

Certain drupes occur in large clusters, as in the case of palm species, where a large array of drupes is found in a cluster. Examples of such large drupe clusters include dates, Jubaea chilensis in central Chile and Washingtonia filifera in the Sonoran Desert of North America.

What are examples of pomes?

Apples, pears, nashi and quince are pome fruits, grown from spring blossom and harvested from late summer through to late autumn.

What is the meaning of pomes?

Definition of pome : a fleshy fruit (such as an apple or pear) consisting of an outer thickened fleshy layer and a central core with usually five seeds enclosed in a capsule.

How is drupe dispersed?

The endocarp (pit or stone) is often swallowed, passing through the digestive tract, and returned to the soil in feces with the seed inside unharmed; sometimes it is dropped after the fleshy part is eaten.

What is a drupe Class 11?

A drupe is usually a fleshy fruit that is surrounded by a hard shell. This shell or pit is a part of the ovary wall or the exocarp, beyond which is the fruit’s fleshy layer, which is also a part of the ovary. This fleshy layer is the middle layer of the ovary called the mesocarp.

What makes a pome a pome?

Pome fruits are members of the plant family Rosaceae, sub-family pomoideae. They are fruits that have a “core” of several small seeds, surrounded by a tough membrane. The membrane is encased in an edible layer of flesh.

What is a pome and examples?

In botany, a pome is a type of fruit produced by flowering plants in the subtribe Malinae of the family Rosaceae. Well-known pomes include the apple, pear, and quince.