What is FSO in Marine?

A vessel used only to store oil (without processing it) is referred to as a floating storage and offloading (FSO) vessel.

What does FSO mean in oil and gas?

Floating Storage and Offloading
(Floating Storage and Offloading) FPSO (Floating Production Storage and Offloading) and FSO (Floating Storage and Offloading) systems today have become the primary method for many offshore oil and gas producing regions around the world.

What is pancake in FPSO?

One of the major topside module on-board an FPSO is the laydown module. Laydown module is a raised deck in line with topside pancake (pancake level is the raised first deck above main deck of the topside). Normally this module is provided to store spares, tools, machinery components, chemical totes etc.

How many FPSO are there?

Currently, there are 30 FPSOs available, with more coming off contracts as fields are depleted. Historically, 15% of FPSOs have operated on more than one field.

What is STP buoy?

STP or FPSO vessel mooring is developed from the basis of the proven STL system. The STP swivel mounted on top of the turret buoy transfers oil, water, gas, signals, and power from the geostationary riser system to the piping and cabling system of the freely weathervaning production vessel.

What is FPSO hull?

A Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) installation is a floating facility, usually based on a (converted) oil tanker hull. It is equipped with hydrocarbon processing equipment for separation and treatment of crude oil, water and gases, arriving on board from sub-sea oil wells via flexible pipelines.

Which is the biggest FPSO in the world?

the Egina FPSO
Weighing in at 220,000 tonnes with a storage capacity of 2.3 million barrels, the Egina FPSO is the largest in the world, by capacity. Operated by TotalEnergies, the $3 billion vessel is 330 metres long, 61 metres wide and 34 metres tall, and is currently moored at the Egina oil field, 200km off the coast of Nigeria.