What is intimal hyperplasia?

By definition, intimal hyperplasia is an abnormal accumulation of cells in the vascular tunica intima; the cell number is increased because of proliferation and/or migration of vascular wall cells, predominantly smooth muscle cells, often in response to a traumatic stimulus.

What is Fibromuscular intimal hyperplasia?

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a vasculopathy of unknown cause that is characterized by hyperplasia of the intima and media of the arteries, adventitial sclerosis, and breakdown of the normal elastic tissue without inflammation.

What is intimal?

the innermost membrane or lining of some organ or part, esp. that of an artery, vein, or lymphatic. Derived forms. intimal. adjective.

What is an IMT test?

The carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) test helps identify cardiovascular disease by measuring the thickness of the walls of your carotid arteries. The test is painless and often identifies signs of cardiovascular disease often missed by stress testing or an angiogram.

What is IMT value?

The average IMT value is calculated for each common carotid artery and >1 mm is taken as abnormal 4. The CCA-IMT has a linear relationship with systemic atherosclerosis burden 1,2. It predicts the risk of developing future cerebrovascular or cardiac thrombotic and can be used as a screening tool 2.

Who specializes in fibromuscular dysplasia?

Doctors trained in vascular medicine, vascular and endovascular surgery, heart disease (cardiologists), heart surgery (cardiovascular surgeons), radiology, and other specialties have expertise and experience treating people with fibromuscular dysplasia.

Which fruit juice is good for arteries?

Researchers found that pomegranate juice not only appears to prevent hardening of the arteries by reducing blood vessel damage, but the antioxidant-rich juice may also reverse the progression of this disease.