What is intramedullary nailing of the tibia?

Intramedullary nailing is the most popular and widely used method for treating tibial shaft fractures. Intramedullary nailing involves minimal surgical dissection, allowing preservation of blood supply by not disrupting the soft tissue around the fracture.

What is reamed intramedullary nail?

Reamed intramedullary nailing (RIN) is considered the standard method of treatment for femoral fractures. [2–5] The advantages of RIN include higher biomechanical stability, rapid fracture healing, and lower frequency of secondary procedure.

What are the common causes for re operation of intramedullary nail fixation for tibial fractures?

Of the surgically treated tibial fractures, 3.1% underwent re-operation due non-union, 3.6% due to malunion, 4.3% due to infection and 2.5% due to implant failure (Table 5). The re-operation rates due to infection appear to be higher in patients 51–80 years of age (Fig.

What are the complications of a fracture?

Complications of Fractures

  • Blood vessel damage. Many fractures cause noticeable bleeding around the injury.
  • Pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism is the most common severe complication of serious fractures of the hip or pelvis.
  • Fat embolism.
  • Compartment syndrome.
  • Infections.
  • Joint problems.
  • Uneven limbs.
  • Osteonecrosis.

What is the most common immediate complication of a compound fracture of the leg?

Infection. This is the most common complication of open fractures. Infection is the result of bacteria entering the wound at the time of the injury. Infection can occur early on during healing or much later after both the wound and fracture have healed.

What is intramedullary nailing procedure?

Intramedullary nailing is surgery to repair a broken bone and keep it stable. The most common bones fixed by this procedure are the thigh, shin, hip, and upper arm. A permanent nail or rod is placed into the center of the bone. It will help you be able to put weight on the bone.

What is the use of intramedullary nail?

Intramedullary nailing is an internal fixation technique mainly used for the surgical management of long bone diaphyseal fractures and since more recently, also in metaphyseal and periarticular fractures.

What is reaming in orthopedics?

Rotational cutting tools, known as reamers, are used in a variety of orthopaedic surgeries ranging from intramedullary nailing of long bone fractures to total joint arthroplasty.

What reamed means?

reamed; reaming; reams. Definition of ream (Entry 2 of 2) transitive verb. 1a : to widen the opening of (a hole) : countersink. b(1) : to enlarge, shape, or smooth out (a hole) with a reamer.

Which of the following is a common complication of tibial fracture repair IM nail placement?

Knee pain is a common complication of tibial shaft fractures treated with intramedullary nailing. A significant cause of knee pain appears to be violation of the proximal tibiofibular join by oblique locking screws.