What is the gingival zenith?

The gingival zenith is the most apical aspect of free gingival margin. The purpose of this study was to quantify some clinical parameters useful as esthetic guidelines when gingival contour is modified and to compare the left and right sides of six maxillary anterior teeth.

What are the 3 anatomical division of the gingiva?

The gingival epithelium may be divided into the oral epithelium covering the external surface of the gingiva, the crevicular epithelium lining the gingival crevice, and the non- keratinised junctional epithelium (Fig. 2.13).

What are the three types of anterior teeth?

Humans have the following types of teeth:

  • Incisors. Incisors are the sharp teeth at the front of the mouth that bite into food and cut it into smaller pieces.
  • Canines. Canines are the sharp, pointed teeth that sit next to the incisors and look like fangs.
  • Premolars.
  • Molars.

What is gingival biotype?

Gingival biotype is the thickness of the gingiva in the faciopalatal dimension. It has a significant impact on the outcome of the restorative, regenerative and implant therapy. It has been suggested that a direct co-relation exists with the susceptibility of gingival recession followed by any surgical procedure.

What is Col shape?

Quick Reference. A valley-like depression which connects the gingival papillae situated in the interproximal space between two teeth. It lies below, and conforms to the shape of, the interproximal contact. It is covered by non-keratinized epithelium.

What is gingival third?

gingival, middle third, incisal third, occlusal third. Definition. The third of the tooth closest to the gingiva. gingival third. Term of the day: mutually protected occlusion.

What are the three main parts of a tooth?

Three of them—enamel, dentin and cementum—are hard tissues. The fourth tissue—pulp, or the center of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue—is a soft, or non-calcified, tissue.

What are the 2 types of gingiva?

There are two types of gingivae that are clearly recognizable and they are known as the marginal gingiva that is mobile, and the attached gingiva.

What are the types of tooth?

Adult teeth include incisors, canines, premolars, and molars:

  • 8 incisors. Your four front teeth on the top and bottom are sharp for holding and cutting food.
  • 4 canines or cuspids. The pointed teeth on the top and bottom are called canine teeth, or cuspids.
  • 8 premolars.
  • 12 molars.

What are anterior and posterior teeth?

Permanent teeth are divided into two groups: anterior teeth and posterior teeth. Anterior teeth include the teeth toward the front of the mouth, including the central incisors, the lateral incisors, and the canines, while posterior teeth, or the teeth toward the back of the mouth, include the premolars and molars [1].

What is stippling gingiva?

The gingiva, or the gums, typically contain a textured surface which is referred to as being stippled. This can be thought of as resembling a texture similar to an orange peel. Stippling occurs from the connective tissue projections within the gingival tissue which create microscopic depressions and elevations.