What is the importance of carotenoids?

Carotenoids are lipid-soluble pigments that give fruits and vegetables their color. They have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that are important in eye health in protecting retinal tissue from blue shortwave light damage.

What are carotenoids in nutrition?

Carotenoids are a class of more than 750 naturally occurring pigments synthesized by plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria (1). These richly colored molecules are the sources of the yellow, orange, and red colors of many plants. Fruit and vegetables provide most of the 40 to 50 carotenoids found in the human diet.

Are carotenoids an essential nutrient?

None of the carotenoids are considered essential nutrients. No carotenoid is directly involved in a vital metabolic pathway, nor has the relative absence of a carotenoid been linked exclusively to the induction of a specific deficiency or chronic disease (hence, the lack of FDA-approved “health claims”).

Which carotene is most nutritionally important?

The β-carotene intake of 75% of the population is <3. mg/d, even when nutritional supplements and fortified foods are included. Policies to increase the bioavailability of β-carotene could include food fortification, which is of utmost importance, because β-carotene is a major source of vitamin A.

What is the important role of carotenoids for A plant to perform photosynthesis?

Carotenoids are ubiquitous and essential pigments in photosynthesis. They absorb in the blue-green region of the solar spectrum and transfer the absorbed energy to (bacterio-)chlorophylls, and so expand the wavelength range of light that is able to drive photosynthesis.

How do carotenoids act as antioxidants?

The interest in carotenoids found in plants over the last years is not only due to their A provitamin activity but also due to their reduction of oxidative stress in the organism by capturing oxygen radicals, that is, their antioxidant effects [46].

Why are carotenoids important in photosynthesis?

Carotenoids are essential in oxygenic photosynthesis: they stabilize the pigment–protein complexes, are active in harvesting sunlight and in photoprotection. In plants, they are present as carotenes and their oxygenated derivatives, xanthophylls.

How do carotenoids work?

Carotenoids are a class of phytonutrients (“plant chemicals”) and are found in the cells of a wide variety of plants, algae and bacteria. They help plants absorb light energy for use in photosynthesis.

What does carotene do for the body?

In the body, beta-carotene converts into vitamin A (retinol). We need vitamin A for good vision and eye health, for a strong immune system, and for healthy skin and mucous membranes. Taking big doses of vitamin A can be toxic, but your body only converts as much vitamin A from beta-carotene as it needs.

Are carotenoids antioxidants?

A special group of antioxidants consists of plant-derivate compounds, carotenoids and flavonoids. Carotenoids are regarded as one of the most efficient 1O2 quenchers, as well as ROS scavengers operating in cellular lipid bilayers [77].

Which form of carotenoid is the best source of vitamin A?

Vitamin A is available in stand-alone supplements and most multivitamins, often in the form of retinyl acetate, retinyl palmitate, provitamin A beta-carotene, or a combination [1,17]….Sources of Vitamin A.

Food mcg RAE per serving Percent DV*
Carrots, raw, ½ cup 459 51
Herring, Atlantic, pickled, 3 ounces 219 24

What are the 2 functions of carotenoids?

Carotenoids have been shown to have two major functions in photosynthesis. They act as photoprotective agents, preventing the harmful photodynamic reaction, and as accessory light-harvesting pigments, extending the spectral range over which light drives photosynthesis.

What foods are good sources of carotenoids?


  • plums
  • apricots
  • mangoes
  • cantaloupes
  • sweet potatoes
  • kale
  • spinach
  • cilantro (coriander)
  • collard greens
  • What are the two functions of carotenoids?


  • Antioxidants/adverse effects
  • Carotenoids/administration&dosage*
  • Carotenoids/adverse effects
  • Eye Diseases/etiology
  • Eye Diseases/prevention&control*
  • Fruit*/chemistry
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms/etiology
  • Neoplasms/prevention&control*
  • What is difference between carotene and carotenoid?

    is that carotenoid is (organic chemistry) any of a class of yellow to red plant pigments including the carotenes and xanthophylls while carotene is (organic chemistry) a class of tetraterpene plant pigments; they vary in colour from yellow, through orange to red, this colour originating in a chain of alternating single and double bonds.

    What is the function of carotenoids?

    – Carotenoids in photosynthesis. Carotenoids, in the early stages of the emergence of single-celled photosynthetic organisms, are probably been used for light harvesting at wavelengths different from those covered by chlorophyll. – Carotenoids and autumn leaf color. – Some functions of apocarotenoids in plants and foods. – References.