What kind of jobs did the South have at the time of the Civil War?

Aside from working the large cotton plantations, slaves also worked on farms raising tobacco, corn and livestock. In cities, slaves worked as laborers and craftsmen. Some slaves lived and worked part of the year on their owner’s plantations and, when plantation work slowed, lived in town and worked for hire.

What were common jobs during the Civil War?

Although most North Carolinians were farmers or farm workers, the state’s citizens worked at a wide variety of occupations on the eve of the Civil War….Short list.

Occupation Number Percent
Farmers 87,025 45.20
Laborers 63,481 32.94
Tradesmen 27,263 14.15
Professional workers 7,436 3.85

What jobs did the freed slaves get?

Often the only jobs they could obtain were in agriculture as sharecroppers or share-tenants . The former slaves had to rent their farms as well as take out loans for seeds and farming implements. At the end of the year they were often in debt to their white landowners.

What type of economy did the South have?

There was great wealth in the South, but it was primarily tied up in the slave economy. In 1860, the economic value of slaves in the United States exceeded the invested value of all of the nation’s railroads, factories, and banks combined. On the eve of the Civil War, cotton prices were at an all-time high.

What jobs did slaves do in the Civil War?

Slaves provided agricultural and industrial labor, constructed fortifications, repaired railroads, and freed up white men to serve as soldiers. Tens of thousands of slaves were used to build and repair fortifications and railroads, as haule , teamsters, ditch diggers, and assisting medical workers.

What were common jobs in the 1860s?

These included domestic services—keeping house, washing, cooking, sewing, and tending for children of the well-to-do—and commercial industries offering similar types of work in restaurants, laundries, hospitals, and clothing manufacturing.

What was life like in the South?

The southern part of the United States was vastly different from the New England area. For example, the economy in the South was heavily dependent on agriculture and farming. Thus, many people worked on large plantations to grow crops. The South had many large farms and was less industrialized than the North.

What type of work did slaves do in the South?

Many slaves living in cities worked as domestics, but others worked as blacksmiths, carpenters, shoemakers, bakers, or other tradespeople. Often, slaves were hired out by their masters, for a day or up to several years. Sometimes slaves were allowed to hire themselves out.

What was the South’s main source of jobs and wealth?

Slavery was so profitable, it sprouted more millionaires per capita in the Mississippi River valley than anywhere in the nation. With cash crops of tobacco, cotton and sugar cane, America’s southern states became the economic engine of the burgeoning nation.