What type of virus is arbovirus?

Arbovirus is an informal name for any virus that is transmitted by arthropod vectors. The term arbovirus is a portmanteau word (arthropod-borne virus). Tibovirus (tick-borne virus) is sometimes used to more specifically describe viruses transmitted by ticks, a superorder within the arthropods.

Is arbovirus DNA or RNA virus?

With the exception of African swine fever virus, a DNA virus, all arboviruses are RNA viruses and belong to one of six viral families: Bunyaviridae (e.g., Rift Valley fever virus), Reoviridae (e.g., Bluetongue virus), Orthomyxoviridae (e.g., Bourbon virus), Rhabdoviridae (e.g., vesicular stomatitis virus), Togaviridae …

What is arbovirus infection?

Arbovirus is a term used to describe a group of viral infections transmitted to humans from a group of insects known as arthropods. There are many strains of arbovirus. The viruses range in severity from no symptoms to mild flu-like symptoms to very severe symptoms.

What are 5 examples of viral infections?

Some of the most common viral infections include:

  • Common cold.
  • Influenza (flu)
  • Herpes.
  • Chickenpox.
  • Mumps.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Measles.
  • Rubella.

How many arboviruses are there?

There are more than 500 known arboviruses of which approximately 100 are capable of causing disease in humans. The major arthropod vectors of arboviruses are mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, and biting midges.

Is Ebola an arbovirus?

The ACAV 1985 catalogue listing includes 12 arenaviruses, four hantaviruses, and Ebola and Marburg, which are not arboviruses but appear in the catalogue because they are viruses likely to be encountered by arbovirus field investigators.

Why arbovirus are named so?

The name ‘arbovirus’ is an acronym for arthropod-borne virus, referring to viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, for example mosquitoes and ticks.

What are 3 common viruses?

Is Zika virus an arbovirus?

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus of the Flavivirus genus, and it has an envelope and a single RNA molecule. In early 2016, the World Health Organization declared ZIKV infection to be an emerging global health threat. The major transmission route of the virus to humans is Aedes mosquitoes.

Is rabies virus an arbovirus?

Rabies virus is the only medically important member of the rhabdovirus family. It has a single-stranded RNA enclosed within a bullet-shaped capsid surrounded by a lipoprotein (Table 42–5). Because the genome RNA has negative polarity, the virion contains an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.