Who are the virtuous persons?

A virtuous person is a person who acts virtuously. A person acts virtuously if they “possess and live the virtues” A virtue is a moral characteristic that a person needs to live well.

What is Plato’s concept of a virtuous person?

For Plato a person’s virtue consists in his knowledge of the good. It’s not that a person is knowledgeable about some things or at some times and is therefore virtuous in some aspects and un-virtuous in others.

What is Aristotle’s concept of a virtuous person?

A virtuous person is someone who performs the distinctive activity of being human well. Rationality is our distinctive activity, that is, the activity that distinguishes us from plants and animals. All living things have a nutritive soul, which governs growth and nutrition.

What is Socrates concept of a virtuous person?

Socrates (469–399 BCE) On this view (later revived by Epicurus, 341–271 BCE), having a virtuous character is purely a matter of being knowledgeable of what brings us more pleasure rather than less. In the Protagoras, Socrates recognizes that most people object to this view.

Who is a virtuous man?

The virtuous person tends toward the good with all his sensory and spiritual powers; he pursues the good and chooses it in concrete actions. In other words, virtue is the habit of choosing what is good and right, despite our own inclinations.

Why should one become a virtuous person?

The more you practice virtue, the more you are capable of virtue because virtue becomes a way of life. Leading an objectively rational good life will produce a subjectively happy life of the kind appropriate to being human.

What are Plato’s four virtues?

The catalogue of what in later tradition has been dubbed ‘the four cardinal Platonic virtues’ – wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice – is first presented without comment.

What are the 5 virtues of Socrates?

Socrates begins by asking Protagoras to state how he thinks the various individual virtues – piety, courage, justice, temperance, and wisdom – stand to virtue as a whole.

Why does Aristotle argue that repetition and practice are important to becoming a virtuous person?

Because virtues arise in us through practice, there is the potential for both positive and negative virtue development (Aristotle 24). For example, good and bad musicians are both formed from extensive practice; one has generally had proper practice and the other generally has had poor practice.

What is Aristotle’s virtue ethics theory?

Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, courage, temperance and so on) as complex rational, emotional and social skills.

What are Socrates four virtues?

For Socrates and Plato, there are four primary virtues: courage, moderation, wisdom and justice.